When buying an item we often times go through an assessment to ascertain its value. When buying a diamond an assessment couldn’t be any more critical, especially when considering the importance of that purchase. To help with better understanding the value of a diamond its crucial to understand the 4 C’s of Diamond quality. The 4 C’s consist of Cut, Clarity, Color and Carat weight.
- Cut is often thought to mean the shape of the diamond. However, it is more focused on how that diamond and its facets are able to interact with light. The best diamonds will interact with light allowing for stunning visual effects. This is graded on a scale that includes Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair and Poor.
- Clarity refers to characteristics that are found both externally and within the diamond during its forming process. These are known as ‘inclusions’ and ‘blemishes’. When evaluating for clarity these are taken into consideration. The fewer of these characteristics the purer the diamond. This is graded on a scale with 6 categories that ranges from Flawless down to Included.
- Color is based on the actual absence of color in a diamond. When a diamond is graded the less color the better the value, so a diamond with both structurally and chemically pure will have zero hue. Color can be so subtle that to the untrained eye it is undetectable. The slightest color change can greatly impact a diamond’s quality and value.
- Carat weight refers to a diamond’s weight, with a carat equaling 200 milligrams. As the diamonds carat weight increases, with all else being equal, so does the value. However, diamonds of equal weight may not share the same value as the grading of other components such as Cut, Clarity and Color may be different.
When considering a diamond, it is important to remember the 4 components (Cut, Clarity, Color and Carat weight) as they all play a key role in determining the value of the diamond.